prehistoric iron ore mining in south africa

  • The extractive metallurgy of copper at Iron Age Madikwe (SciELO) SA

    The ore was not smelted near the mines for fear of offending the spirits. ..... Prehistoric mining in South Africa, and Iron Age copper mines in the Dwarsberg,...

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  • Precolonial Metallurgy and Mining across Africa Oxford Research ...

    From Ancient Egypt to South Africa: Origins of Mining and Metallurgy in ... While iron could only be hammered, nonferrous metals such as copper and gold were .... Mining produced a fundamental raw materialore, which was essential for...

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  • African Iron Production and Iron Working Technologies: Methods ...

    Iron production was a particularly important precolonial African technology, with ... Iron bearing ores are much more abundant in the earth's crust than those of ... of Metallurgy through Eastern and Southern Africa, Journal of World Prehistory...

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  • Iron in Ancient Tin from Rooiberg, South Africa ScienceDirect

    Two ores, found near iron age furnaces at the Rooiberg mining and smelting complex in South Africa, could have been smelted to recover 68 78% of the tin if the...

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  • The early history and current state of industrial smelting in South Africa

    Remnants of 'ancient' Iron Age tin workings, including small slag heaps, tuyeres, ... The last shaft sinking to initiate a major gold mine in SA was in 1981...

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  • Iron Age mining in the Transvaal SAIMM

    pre European mine workings of Southern. Africa and to give a lecture on 'The .... Gold. Copper. Iron. Tin sa..r? 0. 0. 0. 8. AI1P=irnal. Limit of Ancient RuiJu. D.

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  • Swaziland National Trust Commission Iron Mines in Malolotja

    Iron ore mining is mainly found on the Ngwenya mountain massif. ... During recent mining in the Ngwenya mountain range, so many ancient tools were ... famed archaeologist Professor Raymond Dart in South Africa, he sent Adrien Boshier to...

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  • Iron Age Metal Fabrication Technology in Southern Africa

    Copper was smelted from hydrated carbonate ores, and made into jewellery. Iron .... 47: Miller, D. Indigenous iron production in southern Africaarchaeological...

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  • Iron Age mining links ancient SA to the world Special Reports M&G

    Aug 22, 2014 ... Iron Age mining links ancient SA to the world. ... rest in the nook of a stone walled site on the Highveld, and near a mine in Phalaborwa a pile of...

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  • Prehistoric mining in South Africa, and Iron Age copper ... SAIMM

    Southern. Africa. He identified prehistoric mining as. 'ancient mining', and detected a really 'ancient' .... South Africa for an Iron Age mine is A.D. 770 :t:80. This.

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